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如何把握把握GMAT阅读的细节

文章分类:北美文章来源:发布时间:2019-10-14 11:18:34

对于很多考生来说,在进行GMAT阅读考试的时候,把握阅读的细节是非常关键的,接下来就为大家介绍GMAT阅读细节是否绝对重要的内容,希望大家能够有所了解。

考生在GMAT阅读的考试中的问题大体可以分为两类:过分关注个别字词意思而忽略了文章的宏观展开;单独获取句子的意思而忽略了句与句之间的关联。简言之,重细节而轻结构,是造成阅读瓶颈的核心问题所在。

GMAT考试的文章来源为学术期刊文章的改写。这些论文的写作是有严格的格式规范的,表意清晰的文章一定是层次清晰、中心单一而明确的。文章的每个段落都会围绕着一个意思来展开,最终段落加在一起共同表达出文章的中心。

这样少则几页,多则几十页的文章,要改写成一篇350词以内且内在逻辑依然清晰的短文,改写方式无非有二:节选(取文章中的一部分意思)和缩写(将一段或多段文章的意思概括成一句话来表达)。所以,不管以那种方式来进行改写,文章的原有逻辑结构都不会受到任何破坏。因此,过分纠结于句子字面的意思而看不到文章的宏观框架,会对文章的理解照成极大的影响。以下边这篇文章为例:

Traditionally, the first firm to commercialize a new technology has benefited from the unique opportunity to shape product definitions, forcing followers to adapt to a standard or invest in an unproven alternative. Today, however, the largest payoffs may go to companies that lead in developing integrated approaches for successful mass production and distribution.

Producers of the Beta format for videocassette recorders (VCRs), for example, were first to develop the VCR commercially in 1975, but producers of the rival VHS (Video Home System) format proved to be more successful at forming strategic alliances with other producers and distributors to manufacture and market their VCR format. Seeking to maintain exclusive control over VCR distribution, Beta producers were reluctant to form such alliances and eventually lost ground to VHS in the competition for the global VCR market.

Despite Beta’s substantial technological head start and the fact that VHS was neither technically better nor cheaper than Beta, developers of VHS quickly turned a slight early lead in sales into a dominant position. Strategic alignments with producers of prerecorded tapes reinforced the VHS advantage. The perception among consumers that prerecorded tapes were more available in VHS format further expanded VHS’s share of the market. By the end of the 1980s, Beta was no longer in production.

上面这篇文章出自GMAC出版的官方指南(Official Guide 12th edition)。这篇文章,如果根据传统的阅读习惯,搞清楚每个词的意思,并以此为基础概括句子的意思,进而通过句子的意思总结出段落的大意,最后归纳出全文的意思,那么即使做到了,也一定是耗费了大量的时间和精力。

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