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GMAT阅读细节题是关键

文章分类:北美文章来源:发布时间:2019-08-16 10:15:21

  GMAT阅读题一直是中国生的弱项,但是这一块在语文部分中占有举足轻重的作用,其中最凸显的一个就是容易对考生心理造成波动,从而会影响到整个考试的发挥。因此,在备考过程中,切记不可轻视对GMAT阅读科目的准备,那么今天我们就来讲讲细节题吧!

  真题实例

  细节题是 GMAT 阅读中的常考题型,我们在阅读中常见这种问法:

  According to the passage, XXX

  Which of the following best describe XXX

  The author mentions … as …

  这类题型需要我们用三步法解题:

  ①读题干,按要求定位原文;

  ②收敛思维,对比选项;

  ③找出与定位内容语义相同或相近的选项。

  When Jamaican-born social activist Marcus Garvey came to the United States in 1916, he arrived at precisely the right historical moment. What made the moment right was the return of African American soldiers from the First World War in 1918, which created an ideal constituency for someone with Garvey’s message of unity, pride, and improved conditions for African American communities.

  Hoping to participate in the traditional American ethos of individual success, many African American people entered the armed forces with enthusiasm, only to find themselves segregated from white troops and subjected to numerous indignities. They returned to a United States that was as segregated as it had been before the war …

  Some scholars have argued that Garvey created the consciousness from which he built, in the 1920s, the largest revitalization movement in African American history. But such an argument only tends to obscure the consciousness of identity, strength, and sense of history that already existed in the African American community …

  问题: According to the passage, many African American people joined the armed forces during the First World War for which of the following reasons?

  A. They wished to escape worsening economic conditions in African American communities.B. They expected to fulfill ideals of personal attainment.C. They sought to express their loyalty to the United States.D. They hoped that joining the military would help advance the cause of desegregation.E. They saw military service as an opportunity to fulfill Marcus Garvey’s political vision.

  真题解析

  第 1 步:

  读题干,按要求定位原文。原文先在第 1 段尾句介绍了黑人士兵从一战战场归来的现象,第 2 段首句(划线部分)承接上一句内容,提到了 many African American people(许多美国黑人)entered the armed forces(参军,即在一战中参军的事实)。

  其中,Hoping to 为现在分词作状语,表示黑人参军的原因和目的,所以第 2 段划线部分是定位部分。

  第 2 步:

  收敛思维,对比选项。A选项说的是,黑人希望逃离糟糕的经济困境,与原文不符;B 选项:希望实现个人的成就;C 选项:希望表达对美国的忠诚;D 选项:希望通过参军推进解除种族隔离的事业;E 选项:他们认为服兵役是实现 G 政治愿景的机会。

  其中, ACD 选项在原文未提及,BE 在原文中有所提及。

  第 3 步:

  找出与定位内容语义相同或相近的选项,只有 B 选项符合题意。

  细节题的共同特点是,需要在文章当中找到准确的定位,才能根据文章的内容,进行思考和选择。因此,定位训练和对文章细节内容的准确把握显得极为重要。

  把GMAT阅读所需要的能力和思维习惯不断强化并吸收,这样才能真正增长能力和水平,从而在考场上从容不迫。

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